LONDON. It has long been touted that 10 000 steps a day is the magic number you need to stay fit and healthy but a new study shows fewer than 5 000 may be enough to see a benefit.

The analysis of more than 226000 people around the world showed 4,000 was enough to start reducing the risk of dying prematurely of any cause.

Just over 2 300 is enough to benefit the heart and blood vessels.

The more you do, the more health benefits are seen, researchers said.

Every extra 1 000 steps beyond the 4 000 reduced the risk of dying early by 15 percent up to 20 000 steps.

The team from the Medical University of Lodz in Poland and Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in the US found the walking benefits applied to all genders and ages, regardless of where they lived.

However, the biggest benefits were seen among the under-60s.

Prof Maciej Banach, from the Lodz university, said that while the number of advanced drugs for treatment was growing, they were not the only answer.

“I believe we should always emphasise that lifestyle changes, including diet and exercise, which was a main hero of our analysis, might be at least as, or even more, effective in reducing cardiovascular risk and prolonging lives,” he said.

According to World Health Organisation data, insufficient physical activity is responsible for 3.2 million deaths each year – the fourth most frequent cause worldwide.

Honey Fine, a personal trainer and instructor for global fitness company Barry’s, emphasises the problems that come from sitting down too much.

“It can slow your metabolism and affect muscle growth and strength, which can cause aches and pains,” she told the BBC.

“Sitting down for too long can also cause all sorts of back problems, we find this a lot with people with office jobs, that their backs are constantly put in a stressed compressed position which causes a lot more problems later on in life.

“Walking can lower your blood pressure, strengthen your muscles to protect your bones, it can increase energy levels as well as giving you endorphins and it can help you maintain a healthy weight alongside healthy eating.”

Other benefits include boosts to your mental health and important time away from screens and other distractions.

A personal trainer’s top tips for walking

Walk to the station rather than going by bus or car

◆ If you work at a desk, set hourly reminders to get up and move around

◆ If you are pregnant, walking is the best kind of exercise to do

◆ Take a daily 30-minute walk listening to a podcast

◆ Walk with friends in a park or forest trails and walk the dog if you have one

◆ Start small – a 10-minute walk from the station to the office can easily build up to a 20-minute stroll in the park and finally a 30-minute walk around town. – BBC.

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